This Sub-unit Implementation Plan (SIP) elaborates the Feasibility Study that was done in 2013 at the level of (hydro-logical) sub-unit. It assesses the development options with regard to Water infrastructure, Operation & Maintenance, Agriculture, Fisheries, and Income generation and gender. It also considers safeguards in respect of indigenous people, the poor and vulnerable, and environment.
The sub-unit area is located in the SW part of Faridpur District. Administratively the area is covered by 2 unions namely Chatul and Shekhar unions and the Boalmari municipality. It comprises 1,540 hectare, 05 WMGs with 11 villages. There are 2356 households with a population of 9590.
The water infrastructure will benefit from a major overhaul: construction of two bridges and one WMO building, rehabilitation of one existing structure, and re-excavation of khals over a total length of 2.2 km will reduce flooding and drainage congestion and thus benefit agricultural production. The cost of rehabilitation/reconstruction has been estimated at some Tk. 368 lac.
Operation and Maintenance
The Water Management Association of the sub-unit will sign an Agreement with the XEN-BWDB about sharing O&M responsibilities. Operation of the infrastructure will be decided by the Water Management Association at sub-unit level.
A Maintenance Plan for the sub-unit-3 has been formulated where responsibilities have been delineated and costs for maintenance worked out. The total cost of preventive and periodic maintenance for sub-unit-3 has been estimated as Tk. 9 lac per annum of which WMA share would be Tk. 1 lac with BWDB bearing Tk. 8 lac. The WMA/ WMG share comes to Tk.25/ ha/ year. The cost of WMO training has been estimated at about Tk. 12 lac.
The gross area of the Shaker Bazar Sub-unit (sub-unit area-3) is 1,540 ha. and net cultivable area is 1,114 ha. Present cropped area is 2,183 ha. with a Cropping Intensity of 196%. The future total cropped area has been estimated at 2,775 ha. with a Cropping Intensity of 249%. The production of cereal crops will be increased by 3,552 metric tons (88%) and other crops by 918 metric tons (20%) with overall increase in production by 4,469 MT (51%) after rehabilitation of the sub-unit area. Rice production has been estimated to be increased from 3,771 to 7,259 MT per year with an additional increment of 3,488 MT representing an estimated added value of Tk 785 lac. Average yield of rice has been estimated to be increased from 3.60 ton per ha. to 4.50 ton per ha.
To improve the existing agricultural conditions and to transfer the modern technology to the farmers’ level Training, Demonstration, Farmers’ Field School (FFS), Workshop, Fair and Motivational Tour have been planned for implementation by the project. The cost of agricultural development (enhancement) activities of the SIP has been estimated at Tk. 13.10 lacs for the entire project period.
There are about 137 ha of fisheries resource in the subunit area among them 119 ha in culture fisheries and rest of 18 ha in capture fisheries, and estimated total production is 289 MT / year (Table - 01, Annex - 4). Culture fish production can be increased from 284 MT to 498 i.e by 214 MT and capture fish production will also be increased from 5 MT to 8 MT i.e by 4 MT, after rehabilitation of this subunit area and total annual incremental benefit would be Tk. 191 lac (Table - 3, Annex-4).
Financing of the fisheries activities would require both beneficiary and project contributions. Beneficiaries will be responsible for all direct inputs cost required for fisheries production, both culture and capture because they will manage the activities through CAPs. The project will bear the cost of demonstration, basic training, refreshment training and motivational tour. The training cost (excluding preparation of modules) amount to some TK.17 lac .
Socio-economy and Gender
The SIP-3 area comprises 11 villages and 2 Unions partly or fully, Boalmari Upazila of Faridpur district. The river Barasia follows at the Northern boundary of the SIP-3 area. The Daduria beel and Shyamnagar beel are the major water body of the SIP-3 area. The Baikhir khal exist at the southern side of the SIP-3 area.
Total household of the SIP-3 is 3,118, population 12,783 and average HH size is 4.1. The percentage of farmers is 34.25%. The sex ratio in Daduria-Kandor Beel SIP-3 area is 53% male against 47% female. The percentage of landless farmers is the highest (43.33%) followed by marginal farmers (23.61%). The percentage of working population is 56.57%. The average literacy rate of population 5 years and above in the SIP-3 area is 76.18% and illiterate is 23.82%, which is higher than the national average 61.5% Source: BBS 2014). Among the total literate population, the male literate is 54.43% and female literate rate is 45.56%. Out of total illiterate 23.82%, 16.32% can sign. The illiterate rate between men and women is very close like 50.23% and 49.67%. The majority of the households 44.19% earn monthly below Tk.12,000, they all are living in extreme poverty level, followed by 28.78%, who earn >Tk.12,001-Tk.15,000. The percentage of the female-headed and male-headed household is 7.41% and 95.59% respectively. No national data is available to compare the percentage of male and the female-headed household of the sub-project. However, the result is consistent with other sub-projects where the percentage is less than 10%. Total Tk. 800000 has been estimated for livelihood purpose.
WMO formation and development:
WMO formation process commenced with mobilizing Facilitators and awareness creation. Union-level consultations were conducted and consent for rehabilitation work has been obtained from the communities. The population has increased significantly since the time of the Feasibility Study (FS), hence the project “re-demarcated WMG areas”. Consequently, the total number of WMG's increased from 2 (at FS stage) to 5. Elections were held and all the WMG's have been formed.
Participatory mechanisms will be adopted for developing and reaching consensus on “WMG-wise water and land use plans”, mainly for crops, fishery and other IGAs. Facilitators guided by ISPMCs and PMO staff will assist WMGs to implement these Plans. Sub-committees are established “focussed attention” on specific tasks of WMO. There will be O&M Agreements between WMA and BWDB.
ISPMCs and PMO will conduct Quarterly “Participatory Performance Assessment and Target Setting” (PPATS) sessions with Facilitators and WMO Monitors to assess their performance as well as the success of WMO development activities. PPATS would be introduced to WMOs as one of the “exit strategies” and for ensuring sustainability of GMOs. Strengthened WMOs would effectively undertake their primary functions like Operation and Maintenance (O&M) of infrastructure, providing production and related services in agriculture and fishery, livestock as well as other livelihood activities.
Lastly, a monitoring plan is given in order to monitor the progress of WMO formation and development, as well as the outcome (results) of the Sub-unit Implementation Plan.
Proposed civil work under the SIP described below-
1. New Shaker Bazar Road bridge 1 nos.
2. New Durgapur Bridge 1 nos.
3. New Baikhir Hazratola Culvert 1 nos.
4. New WMO Office Building 1 nos.
5. Repair of Teljuri Regulator (2-vents) 1 nos.
6. Re-excavation of Kutir khal = 2.18 km