This Subunit Implementation Plan (SIP) elaborates on the Feasibility Study that was done in 2013 at the level of the (hydrological) subunit. It assesses the development options with regard to Water infrastructure, Operation & Maintenance, Agriculture, Fisheries, and Income generation, and gender. It also considers safeguards in respect of indigenous people, the poor and vulnerable, and the environment.
The subunit area is located in the SW part of the Rajbari District and is spread over Rajbari Sadar and Baliakandi Upazila. Administratively the area is covered by 7(seven) unions namely Alipur, Banibaha, Islampur, Bahorpur, Mulghar, Basontapur, and Jamalpur within Rajbari Sadar and Baliakandi Upazila. It comprises 6329 hectares, 17 WMGs with 48 villages. There are 11,936 households with a population of 48,664.
The water infrastructure will benefit from a major overhaul: rehabilitation of 3(three) structures and re-excavation of khals over a total length of 33.71 km and also the construction of a new check-structure will reduce flooding and drainage congestion and thus benefit agricultural production. The overall cost of rehabilitation is estimated at some Tk.1275.50 lac.
Operation and Maintenance
The Water Management Association of the subunit will sign an Agreement with the XEN-BWDB about sharing O&M responsibilities. The operation of the infrastructure will be decided by the Water Management Association at the subunit level.
A Maintenance Plan for the subunit-II has been formulated where responsibilities have been delineated and costs for maintenance worked out. The total cost of preventive and periodic maintenance for subunit-III have been estimated as Tk. 38 lac per annum of which WMA share would be Tk. 13 lac with BWDB bearing Tk. 25 lac. The WMA/ WMG share comes to Tk.116/ ha/ year. The cost of WMO training has been estimated at about Tk.20 lac.
The gross area of the Matiapara Scheme (SIP-3) is 6329 ha. and the net cultivable area is 4,617 ha. The present cropped area is 10,345 ha. with a Cropping Intensity of 224%. The future total cropped area has been estimated at 11816 ha. with a Cropping Intensity of 256%. Production of cereal crops will be increased by 9,773 metric tons (46%) and other crops by 3,186 metric tons (13%) with an overall increase in production by 12,959 metric tons (28%) after rehabilitation of the Sub-project. Rice production has been estimated to be increased from 20,415 to 30,038 MT per year with an additional increment of 9,623 MT representing an estimated added value of Tk 2165 lac. The average yield of rice has been estimated to be increased from 4.23 tons per ha. to 4.80 tons per ha.
To improve the existing agricultural conditions and to transfer the modern technology to the farmers’ level Training, Demonstration, Farmers’ Field School (FFS), Workshop, Fair, and Motivational Tour have been planned for implementation by the project. The cost of agricultural development (enhancement) activities of the SIP has been estimated at Tk. 57.51 lacs for the entire project period.
There are about 579 ha of fisheries resource in the subunit area among them 455 ha in culture fisheries and the rest of 124 ha in capture fisheries, and the estimated total production is 1496 MT/year (Table - 01, Annex - 4). Culture fish production can be increased from 1474 MT to 1756 i.e by 282 MT but capture fish production will be increased from 21 MT to 24MT i.e by 3 MT after rehabilitation of this subunit area and the total annual incremental benefit would be Tk. 253 lac (Table - 3, Annex-4).
Financing of the fisheries activities would require both beneficiary and project contributions. Beneficiaries will be responsible for all direct inputs cost required for fisheries production, both culture and capture because they will manage the activities through CAPs. The project will bear the cost of demonstration, basic training, refreshment training, and motivational tour. The training cost (excluding the preparation of modules) amount to some TK. 59 lac (Table 04, Annex -4)
Socio-economics and Gender
As discussed earlier that the SIP-III area comprises 45 villages and 5 Unions partly or fully, under Rajbari and Kaluakhali Upazila of Rajbari district. The total gross area of Sub Unit-III is 6329 ha. The land per household is 0.51 ha, which is much lower than the national average of 0.8 ha. The percentage of farmers is 39.35%. The river Horai River follows at the middle side of SIP-III area. Bagti Khal, Mathiapara Khal, Ilishami Khal, Addapur Khal, Horai Branch and other small khals crossed the SIP-III area, which are connected with the Horai river.
Total household of the project Sub-unit area (SIP-3) is 11936 and the population is 48664. Out of the total population, the male is (54.20%) and female (45.79%), who are living in 45 villages within the subunit-III area. The survey data shows that out of total households, 4.59% of households are female-headed, who are widows, separated, live with disable husbands,s and survive with their own income. It is expected that finally selected beneficiaries by the project could be a minimum of 33% including landless and marginal farmers’ households. In sub-project Horai River SIP-III the age group 18-45 of the population is 47.79%, followed by children <17 years 32.70%, The population who are in between 18-60 years considered as a working-age group or productive population. The data shows that the working-age group of the surveyed population is about 62.14%. The percentage of female-headed and male-headed households is 4.59% and 95.40% respectively. No national data is available to compare male and female-headed household percentage of the sub-project. The average incidence of poverty in the SIP-III area is 45%-50%, which is consistent with the district figure shown in the poverty map of Bangladesh (ref: BBS web site- poverty map updated 2016). In the map, the poverty incidence for the district Rajbari is in between 38%-48%. Landless, marginal, and small addition there are households who have zero assets and they are called extremely vulnerable or destitute. For improvement of gender and Livelihood status of the destitute men and women, a total Tk.3575000 have been allocated for SIP-III of the Horai River subproject.
WMO formation and development:
WMO formation process commenced with mobilizing Facilitators and awareness creation. Union-level consultation were conducted and consent for rehabilitation work has been obtained from the communities. As the population has increased significantly since the Feasibility Study (FS) time, the project “re-demarcated WMG areas”. Consequently, the total number of WMG's increased from 09 (at FS stage) to 17. Elections were held and all the WMG's have been formed.
Participatory mechanisms will be adopted for developing and reaching consensus on “WMG-wise water and land use plans”, mainly for crops, fishery, and other IGAs. Facilitators guided by ISPMCs and PMO staff will assist WMGs to implement these Plans. Sub-committees are established “focussed attention” on specific tasks of WMO. There will be O&M Agreements between WMA and BWDB.
The Subunit Implementation Plan should have practical implementing mechanisms to establish “horizontally and vertically integrated WMO Network”, with WMG as the “Base” organization. WMO Network (WMG-WMA) would be utilized by line agencies like BWDB, DAE, DoF, and other line agencies (in their Extension and Input Services). WMO's need to be equipped with appropriate technology. WMO's should organize Collective Action, CA for effective O&M, to provide WMO-managed input-output services to members in agriculture, fishery, and other income-generating activities and value-addition. WMO's will also develop partnerships with the Private Sector and undertake business ventures.
Lastly, a monitoring plan is given in order to monitor the progress of WMO formation and development, as well as the outcome (results) of the Subunit Implementation Plan.
Proposed civil work under the SIP described below-
SIP- 3/ WMA- 3
Type of Infrastructure
Regulator/ Pipe Sluice
Dohorpachuria check structure(4v-1.5mx1.8m)
Komorpara Regulator (1v-0.9x1.2m)
Dohorpachuria Check structure(3v-1.5mx1.8m)
WMO Office Building
Bagahtia/Horai Branch khal