This Subunit Implementation Plan (SIP) elaborates on the Feasibility Study that was done in 2013 at the level of the (hydrological) subunit. It assesses the development options with regard to Water infrastructure, Operation & Maintenance, Agriculture, Fisheries, and Income generation, and gender. It also considers safeguards in respect of indigenous people, the poor and vulnerable, and the environment.
The subunit area is located in the SW part of Faridpur District and is spread over Rajbari Sadar, Kalukhali, and Baliakandi Upazila. Administratively the area is covered by 6 (Six) unions namely Mizanpur, Chandani, Ramakantapur, Banibaha, Islampur and Madapur within Rajbari Sadar,Kalukhali and Baliakandi Upazila. It comprises 6124 hectare, 16 WMGs with 47 villages. There are 10,304 households with a population of 38,373.
Construction of one new Check structure with pathway and re-excavation of khals over a total length of 40.40 km will reduce flooding and drainage congestion and thus benefit agricultural production. The cost of rehabilitation is estimated at some Tk.1234.75 lac.
Operation and Maintenance
The Water Management Association of the subunit will sign an Agreement with the XEN-BWDB about sharing O&M responsibilities. The operation of the infrastructure will be decided by the Water Management Association at the subunit level.
A Maintenance Plan for the subunit-II has been formulated where responsibilities have been delineated and costs for maintenance worked out. The total cost of preventive and periodic maintenance for subunit-II has been estimated as Tk. 40 lac per annum of which WMA share would be Tk. 15 lac with BWDB bearing Tk. 25 lac. The WMA/ WMG share comes to Tk.130/ ha/ year. The cost of WMO training has been estimated at about Tk. 20 lac.
The gross area of the Rupsha Sub-unit (SIP-2 area) is 6124 ha. and the net cultivable area is 4,525 ha. The present cropped area is 10,656 ha. with a Cropping Intensity of 235%. The future total cropped area has been estimated at 11,900 ha. with a Cropping Intensity of 263%. Production of cereal crops will be increased by 6,551 metric tons (31%) and other crops by 4768 metric tons (19%) with an overall increase in production by 11,320 metric tons (25%) after the rehabilitation of the Sub-project. Rice production has been estimated to be increased from 19,406 to 25470 MT per year with an additional increment of 6064 MT representing an estimated added value of Tk 1364 lac. The average yield of rice has been estimated to be increased from 3.75 tons per ha. to 4.28 ton per ha.
To improve the existing agricultural conditions and to transfer the modern technology to the farmers’ level Training, Demonstration, Farmers’ Field School (FFS), Workshop, Fair, and Motivational Tour have been planned for implementation by the project. The cost of agricultural development (enhancement) activities of the SIP has been estimated at Tk. 54.03 lacs for the entire project period.
There is about 322 ha of fisheries resource in the subunit area among them 240 ha in culture fisheries and the rest of 82 ha in capture fisheries, and the estimated total production is 836 MT/year (Table - 01, Annex - 4). Culture fish production can be increased from 822 MT to 1019 i.e by 197 MT but capture fish production will be increased from 13 MT to 16 MT i.e by 3 MT, after rehabilitation of this subunit area and the total annual incremental benefit would be Tk. 197 (Table - 3, Annex-4).
Financing of the fisheries activities would require both beneficiary and project contributions. Beneficiaries will be responsible for all direct inputs cost required for fisheries production, both culture and capture because they will manage the activities through CAPs. The project will bear the cost of demonstration, basic training, refreshment training, and motivational tour. The training cost (excluding the preparation of modules) amount to some TK. 59.71 lac (Table 04, Annex -4)
Socio-economics and gender
The SIP-II area of the Horai River subproject comprises 42 villages under Rajbari and Kaluakhali Upazila of Rajbari district. The total gross area of Sub Unit-II is 6124 ha. The total household of the SIP-II area is 9555, population 38,373, and the average HH size is 4.1. The land per household is 0.25 ha, which is much lower than the national average of 0.8 ha. The percentage of farmers is 39.35%. The river Horai River follows at the middle side of the SIP-II area. Dhopara Khal, Bhabanipur khal, Harindpara khal, Rupshi khal I, Rupshi khal II, Rupshi khal III, Rupshi khal VI, Rupshi khal V and other small khals crossed the SIP-II area, which are connected with the Horai river. Three union parishads are located inside the boundary of SIP-II. The sex ratio is defined as the number of males per 100 females. In SIP-II, Horai River it is 52.28% male against 47.72% female. The average household size of the surveyed households is 4.19. the percentage of the female-headed and male-headed household is 6.49% and 93.51% respectively. In sub-project Horai River SIP-II the age group 18-45 of the population is 47.34%, followed by children <17 years 30%, The population who are in between 18-60 years considered as a working-age group or productive population. The data shows that the working-age group of the surveyed population is about 61.27%. The non-productive population involves those who are able to work but enjoy social benefits at the cost of productive people. Generally, children younger than 17 and adults older than 60 years are considered non-productive people. Farming is the main occupation of all categories of farmers 34.81%, followed by business 26.37%, service 23.11%. The other occupation is 10.0%, which includes; daily wage laborers, fishermen, hawkers, traders. The wage laborers are mostly found in landless, marginal, and small farm families. Fish farming, trading, and business as a family occupation is found in all level farmers. The actual fisherman is very exceptional. Landless, marginal, and small addition there are households who have zero assets and they are called extremely vulnerable or destitute. On average there are 2-3 persons per village. Housewife constitutes 5.6% mostly work at home for housekeeping, agricultural product processing and storage, poultry and cattle rearing and vegetable gardening, childbearing, and rearing, etc. to meet the need of household demands. The poverty level of the area is 60.78%, which is much higher than the national average of 26% (2016). A total Tk.49,61000 have been allocated for the development of livelihood purposes.
WMO formation and development
WMO formation process commenced with mobilizing Facilitators and awareness creation. Union-level consultation was conducted and consent for rehabilitation work has been obtained from the communities. As the population has increased significantly since the Feasibility Study (FS) time, the project “re-demarcated WMG areas”. Consequently, the total number of WMG's increased from 7 (at FS stage) to 16. Elections were held and all the WMG's have been formed.
Participatory mechanisms will be adopted for developing and reaching consensus on “WMG-wise water and land use plans”, mainly for crops, fishery, and other IGAs. Facilitators guided by ISPMCs and PMO staff will assist WMGs to implement these Plans. Sub-committees are established “focussed attention” on specific tasks of WMO. There will be O&M Agreements between WMA and BWDB.
The Subunit Implementation Plan should have practical implementing mechanisms to establish “horizontally and vertically integrated WMO Network”, with WMG as the “Base” organization. WMO Network (WMG-WMA) would be utilized by line agencies like BWDB, DAE, DoF, and other line agencies (in their Extension and Input Services). WMO's need to be equipped with appropriate technology. WMO's should organize Collective Action, CA for effective O&M, to provide WMO-managed input-output services to members in agriculture, fishery, and other income-generating activities and value-addition. WMO's will also develop partnerships with the Private Sector and undertake business ventures.
Lastly, a monitoring plan is given in order to monitor the progress of WMO formation and development, as well as the outcome (results) of the Subunit Implementation Plan.
Proposed civil work under the SIP described below-
SIP- 2 /WMA- 2
(gross area )
Type of Infrastructure
Pathway and Check structure at Soilgora
WMO Office Building
Rupsha khal Branch-2
Rupsha khal Branch-3
Rupsha Khal Branch-4
Rupsha Khal Branch-5