This Subunit Implementation Plan (SIP) elaborates on the Feasibility Study that was done in 2013 at the level of the (hydrological) subunit. It assesses the development options with regard to Water infrastructure, Operation & Maintenance, Agriculture, Fisheries, and Income generation, and gender. It also considers safeguards in respect of indigenous people, the poor and vulnerable, and the environment.
The subunit area is located in the SW part of the Magura District and falls within Shalikha Upazila. Administratively the sub-unit area is covered by 4 unions namely Arpara, Satokhali, Dhaneswargati, and Tahari. It comprises 3,505 hectares with 15 villages. There are 5,648 households with a population of 22,476.
The water infrastructure will benefit from the rehabilitation of one regulator, foot-bridge/culvert, and WMO office and the re-excavation of has over a total length of almost 12.70 km will reduce flooding and drainage congestion and thus benefit agricultural production. The cost of rehabilitation is estimated at some Tk. 1,058.77 lac.
Operation and Maintenance
The Water Management Association of the subunit will sign an Agreement with the XEN-BWDB about sharing O&M responsibilities. The operation of the infrastructure will be decided by the Water Management Association at the subunit level.
A Maintenance Plan for the subunit-I has been formulated where responsibilities have been delineated and costs for maintenance worked out. The total cost of preventive and periodic maintenance for subunit-I has been estimated as Tk. 20 lac per annum of which WMA share would be Tk. 7 lac with BWDB bearing Tk. 13 lac. The WMA / WMG share comes to Tk.96/ha/year. The cost of WMO training has been estimated at about Tk. 8 lac.
The gross area of the Chuknagar subunit (Subunit-3) is 3505 ha. and the net cultivable area is 2769 ha. The present cropped area is 5,807 ha. with a Cropping Intensity of 210%. The future total cropped area has been estimated at 6,174 ha. with a Cropping Intensity of 223%. Production of cereal crops will be increased by 3,418 metric tons (20%) and other crops by 1,014 metric tons (28%) with an overall increase in production by 4,432 metric tons (22%) after the rehabilitation of the Sub-project. Rice production has been estimated to be increased from 16,770 MT to 20,170 MT (20%) per year with an additional increment of 3,400 MT representing an estimated added value of Tk. 765 lacs. The average yield of rice has been estimated to be increased from 4.15 tons/ha. to 4.60 ton/ha.
To improve the existing agricultural conditions and to transfer the modern technology to the farmers’ level Training, Demonstration, Farmers’ Field School (FFS), Workshop, Fair, and Motivational Tour have been planned for implementation by the project. The cost of agricultural development (enhancement) activities of the SIP has been estimated at Tk 36.37 lac.
There is about 220 ha of fisheries resource in the subunit area among them 129 ha in culture fisheries and rest of 91 ha in capture fisheries, and the estimated total production is 501 MT/year (Table - 01, Annex - 4). Culture fish production can be increased from 477 MT to 903 i.e by 426 MT but capture fish production will be increased from 24 MT to 27 MT i.e by 3 MT after rehabilitation of this subunit area and the total annual incremental benefit would be Tk. 102 lac (Table - 3, Annex-4).
Financing of the fisheries activities would require both beneficiary and project contributions. Beneficiaries will be responsible for all direct inputs cost required for fisheries production, both culture and capture because they will manage the activities through CAPs. The project will bear the cost of demonstration, basic training, refreshment training, and motivational tour. The training cost (excluding the preparation of modules) amount to some TK. 38.50 lac (Table 04, Annex -4)
Socio-economics and Gender
The SIP-3 area comprises 13 villages and 3 Unions partly or fully, under Shalikha Upazila of Magura district. The Kumar River follows at the Southern boundary of the SIP-3 area. Kalidaskhali Khal, Kalidaskhali branch Khal, Hazrkhali Khal, Kathalbaria branch Khal and other small khals crossed the SIP-3 area, which is connected with the Kumar river. The total households of the surveyed area of SIP-3 are 4804 and the population is 19473. The sex ratio is defined as the number of males per 100 females. In SIP-3, Kalidaskhali-Arpara it is 51.47% male against 48.51% female. The average household size of the surveyed households is 4.0. All three Union Parishads are located inside the boundary of SIP-3. The age group 18-45 of the population is 47.3%, which is significantly higher than the other three groups, followed by children <17 years 30%. The population who are in between 18-60 years considered as a working-age group or productive population. The data shows that the working-age group of the surveyed population is about 60%.project the percentage of female-headed and male-headed households is 4.1% and 95.99% respectively. Farming is the main occupation of all categories of farmers 37.38%, followed by business 25.85%, service 20.96%. The other occupation is 12.26%, which includes; daily wage laborers, fishermen, hawkers, traders. The wage laborers are mostly found in landless, marginal, and small farm families. Fish farming, trading, and business as family occupations are found in all level farmers. The average literacy rate of the population 5 years and above in the SIP-3 area is 84.68% and illiterate is 15.32%, which is higher than the national average 72% Source: BBS Booklet 2016). Among the total literate population, the male literate is 53% and the female literacy rate is 47%. The survey data shows that the majority of the households 50% earn monthly below Tk.12000, they all are living in the poverty level. The illiterate rate among the male population is higher 52% than that of the female population 48%.A total amount of Tk. 22,28,000 has been allocated for the improvement of the destitute and female-headed households.
WMO formation and development:
WMO formation process commenced with mobilizing Facilitators and awareness creation. Union-level consultation workshops was conducted and consent for rehabilitation work has been obtained from the communities. As the population has increased slightly since the Feasibility Study (FS) time, the project “re-demarcated WMG areas”. Consequently, the total number of WMG's decreased from 9 (at FS stage) to 8. Ad-hoc committees, Elections were held and all the WMG's have been formed.
Participatory mechanisms will be adopted for developing and reaching consensus on “WMG-wise water and land use plans”, mainly for crops, fishery, and other IGAs. Facilitators guided by ISPMCs and PMO staff will assist WMGs to implement these Plans. Sub-committees are established which “focused” on specific tasks of WMO. There will be O&M Agreements between WMA and BWDB.
The Subunit Implementation Plan should have practical implementing mechanisms to establish “horizontally and vertically integrated WMO Network”, with WMG as the “Base” organization. WMO Network (WMG-WMA) would be utilized by line agencies like BWDB, DAE, DOF, and other GoB agencies (in their Extension and Input Services). WMO's need to be equipped with appropriate technology. WMO's should organize Collective Action, CA for effective O&M, to provide WMO-managed input-output services to members in agriculture, fishery, and other income-generating activities and value-addition.
Lastly, a monitoring plan is given in order to monitor the progress of WMO formation and development, as well as the outcome (results) of the Subunit Implementation Plan.
Proposed civil work under the SIP described below:-
(gross area )
|WMO Office Building|