This Sub-unit Implementation Plan (SIP) elaborates the Feasibility Study that was done in 2013 at the level of (hydro-logical) sub-unit. It assesses the development options with regard to Water infrastructure, Operation & Maintenance, Agriculture, Fisheries, and Income generation and gender. It also considers safeguards in respect of indigenous people, the poor and vulnerable, and environment.
The sub-unit area is located in the SW part of Magura District in Shalikha Upazila. Administratively the sub-unit area is covered by two unions namely Arpara and Bunagati, It comprises 3,468 hectare, 10 WMGs with 17 villages. There are 5,648 households with a population of 22,476.
The water infrastructure will benefit from a major overhaul: new construction of two nos. pipe outlet/inlets, rehabilitation of two regulators, rehabilitation of eight nos. pipe outlet/inlets and re-excavation of khals over a total length of almost 9 km will reduce flooding and drainage congestion and thus benefit agricultural production. An embankment needs to be re-sectioned over a length of almost 13 km. The cost of rehabilitation is estimated at some Tk. 1,195 lac.
Operation and Maintenance
The Water Management Association of the sub-unit will sign an Agreement with the XEN-BWDB about sharing O&M responsibilities. Operation of the infrastructure will be decided by the Water Management Association at sub-unit level.
A Maintenance Plan for the sub-unit-II has been formulated where responsibilities have been delineated and costs for maintenance worked out. The total cost of preventive and periodic maintenance for subunit-II has been estimated as Tk. 62 lac per annum of which WMA share would be Tk. 16 lac with BWDB bearing Tk. 46 lac. The WMA/ WMG share comes to Tk.231/ ha/ year. The cost of WMO training has been estimated at about Tk. 12 lac.
The gross area of the Kuchiamara sub-unit (Sub-unit area-2) is 3,468 ha. and the net cultivable area is 2,790 ha. Present cropped area is 6,439 ha with a Cropping Intensity of 231%. The future total cropped area has been estimated at 6,970 ha with a Cropping Intensity of 250%. The production of cereal crops will be increased by 4,947 metric tons (31%) and other crops by 1,885 metric tons (31%) with overall increase in production by 6,832 metric tons (31%) after rehabilitation of the sub-unit area. Rice production has been estimated to be increased from 15,793 MT to 20,725 MT (31%) per year with an additional increment of 4,932 MT representing an estimated added value of Tk1110 lacs. Average yield of rice has been estimated to be increased from 3.75 ton/ha to 4.35 ton/ha. To improve the existing agricultural conditions and to transfer the modern technology to the farmers’ level Training, Demonstration, Farmers’ Field School (FFS), Workshop, Fair and Motivational Tour have been planned for implementation by the project. The cost of agricultural development (enhancement) activities of the SIP has been estimated at Tk 36 lac.
There are about 507 ha of fisheries resource in the sub unit area among them 105 ha in culture fisheries and rest of 403 ha in capture fisheries, and estimated total production is 290 MT / year (Table - 01, Annex - 4). Culture fish production can be increased from 244 MT to 382 i.e by 137 MT but capture fish production will be increased from 46 MT to 62 MT i.e by 16 MT, after rehabilitation of this sub unit area and total annual incremental benefit would be Tk. 60 lac.
Financing of the fisheries activities would require both beneficiary and project contributions. Beneficiaries will be responsible for all direct inputs cost required for fisheries production, both culture and capture because they will manage the activities through CAPs. The project will bear the cost of demonstration, basic training, refreshment training and motivational tour. The training cost (excluding preparation of modules) amount to some TK.50 lac.
Socio-economy and Gender
The SIP-II area comprises 17 villages and 2 Unions partly or fully, under Shalikha Upazila of Magura district. Total gross area of Sub unit-2 is 7,430 ha. Total household of the SIP-2 area is 5,733, population 22,476 and average HH size is 4. The land per households is 0.77 ha, which is lower than the national average 0.8 hac. The percentage of farmers is 30%. The population who are in between 18-60 years considered as working age group or productive population. The data shows that the working age group of the surveyed population is about 60%. The river Chitra River follows at the Southern boundary and Fatki River at the northern boundary of SIP-II area. Kalidaskhali khal, Kalidaskhali branch khal, Hazrkhali Khal, Kathalbaria branch khal and other small khals crossed the SIP-II area, which are connected with the Chitra river and Fatki river. The percentage of female headed and male headed household is 7% and 93% respectively, who are widow, separated, live with disable husband and survive with their own income. It is expected that the implementation of the project will improve their socio-economic condition of the destitute and female headed households. Total Tk.1420000 has been estimated for the livelihood enhancement purpose.
WMO formation and development:
WMO formation process commenced with mobilizing Facilitators and awareness creation. Union-level consultations were conducted and consent for rehabilitation work has been obtained from the communities. The population has increased significantly since the Feasibility Study (FS) time, hence the project “re-demarcated WMG areas”. Consequently, the total number of WMGs increased from 8 (at FS stage) to 10. Elections were held and all the WMGs have been formed.
Participatory mechanisms will be adopted for developing and reaching consensus on “WMG-wise water and land use plans”, mainly for crops, fishery and other IGAs. Facilitators guided by ISPMCs and PMO staff will assist WMGs to implement these Plans. Sub-committees are established “focussed attention” on specific tasks of WMO. There will be O&M Agreements between WMA and BWDB.
ISPMCs and PMO will conduct Quarterly “Participatory Performance Assessment and Target Setting” (PPATS) sessions with Facilitators and WMO Monitors to assess their performance as well as the success of WMO development activities. PPATS would be introduced to WMOs as one of “exit strategies” and for ensuring sustainability of WMOs. Strengthened WMOs would effectively undertake their primary functions like Operation and Maintenance (O&M) of infrastructure, providing production and related services in agriculture and fishery, livestock as well as other livelihood activities.
Lastly, a monitoring plan is given in order to monitor the progress of WMO formation and development, as well as the outcome (results) of the Subunit Implementation Plan.
Proposed civil work under the SIP described below-
1. Re-excavation of Kuchimara khal = 4.300 Km
2. Re-excavation of Kuatpur Khal = 3.700 Km
3. Re-excavation of Kalidangal khal = 0.750 Km
4. Re-sectioning of Embankment = 19.620 Km
5. Repair of Kuatpur regulator (1-Vent)
6. Repair of Kuchiamara regulator (3-Vents)
7. Inlet-outlet (10 nos)
8. Remodeling of Box Culverts