This Sub-unit Implementation Plan (SIP) elaborates the Feasibility Study that was done in 2013 at the level of (hydro-logical) sub-unit. It assesses the development options with regard to Water infrastructure, Operation & Maintenance, Agriculture, Fisheries, and Income generation and gender. It also considers safeguards in respect of indigenous people, the poor and vulnerable, and environment.
The sub-unit area is located in the SW part of Magura District) and falls within parts of Magura Sadar and Shalikha Upazilas. Administratively the sub-unit area is covered by 4 unions namely Arpara, Satokhali, Shalikha, and Bunagati. It comprises 3,962 hectare with 17villages. There are 5,648 households with a population of 22,476.
The water infrastructure will benefit from a major overhaul: new construction of one regulator, bridge and WMO office, rehabilitation of four structures and re-excavation of khals over a total length of almost 13 km will reduce flooding and drainage congestion and thus benefit agricultural production. The cost of rehabilitation is estimated at some Tk. 1,059 lac.
Operation and Maintenance
The Water Management Association of the sub-unit will sign an Agreement with the XEN-BWDB about sharing O&M responsibilities. Operation of the infrastructure will be decided by the Water Management Association at sub-unit level.
A Maintenance Plan for the sub-unit-I has been formulated where responsibilities have been delineated and costs for maintenance worked out. The total cost of preventive and periodic maintenance for sub-unit-I has been estimated as Tk. 42 lac per annum of which WMA share would be Tk. 9 lac with BWDB bearing Tk. 33 lac. The WMA / WMG share comes to Tk.118/ha/year. The cost of WMO training has been estimated at about Tk. 12 lac.
The gross area of the Boyra sub-unit (Sub-unit area-1) is 3,962 ha and the net cultivable area is 3,187 ha. Present cropped area is 6,301 ha with a Cropping Intensity of 198%. The future total cropped area has been estimated at 7,231 ha with a Cropping Intensity of 227%.
The production of cereal crops will be increased by 5,675 metric tons (31%) and other crops by 3,032 metric tons (67%) with overall increase in production by 8,707 metric tons (39%) after rehabilitation of the sub-unit area. Rice production has been estimated to be increased from 17,515 MT to 22,834 MT (30%) per year with an additional increment of 5,319 MT representing an estimated added value of Tk.1,196 lacs. Average yield of rice has been estimated to be increased from 3.45 ton/ha to 4.31 ton/ha.
To improve the existing agricultural conditions and to transfer the modern technology to the farmers’ level Training, Demonstration, Farmers’ Field School (FFS), Workshop, Fair and Motivational Tour have been planned for implementation by the project. The cost of agricultural development (enhancement) activities of the SIP has been estimated at Tk 42 lac.
There are about 113.88 ha of fisheries resource in the sub unit area among them 92.04 ha in culture fisheries and rest of 21.84 ha in capture fisheries, and estimated total production is 257.11 MT / year . Culture fish production can be increased from 251.52 MT to 399.54 i.e by 148.02 MT but capture fish production will be increased from 5.59 MT to 8.58 MT i.e by 2.99 MT, after rehabilitation of this sub unit area and total annual incremental benefit would be Tk. 152.74 lac
Financing of the fisheries activities would require both beneficiary and project contributions. Beneficiaries will be responsible for all direct inputs cost required for fisheries production, both culture and capture because they will manage the activities through CAPs. The project will bear the cost of demonstration, basic training, refreshment training and motivational tour. The training cost (excluding preparation of modules) amount to some TK.44.90 lac
Socio-economy and Gender
The SIP-I area comprises 17 villages and four Unions partly or fully, under Shalikha Upazila of Magura district. Total gross area of Sub unit-I is 3,962 ha and cultivable area 3187 ha. According to the survey data the total households of the surveyed area of SIP-I is 5,648 and population is 22,476. The sex ratio is defined as the number of males per 100 females. In SIP-I, Kalidaskhali-Arpara, 52.65% male against 47.34% female. The average household size of the surveyed households is 3.9.The survey data shows that out of total households, 7% households are female headed, and who are widow, separated, live with disable husband and survive with their own income. It is expected that the implementation of the project will improve their socio-economic condition of the destitute and female headed households. The land per households is 0.56 ha, which is much lower than the national average 0.8 ha. The percentage of farmers is 30.45%. Out of total population about 35%-40% households live below poverty level. A number of Income generating Activities have been elaborated that will improve the socio-economic condition of the destitute and female headed households among other by job creation under LCS. The cost of the training program for Income Generation Activities and Gender is estimated at about Tk. 12.78 lac.
WMO formation and development:
WMO formation process commenced with mobilizing Facilitators and awareness creation. Union-level consultations were conducted and consent for rehabilitation work has been obtained from the communities. The population has increased significantly since the Feasibility Study (FS) time, hence the project “re-demarcated WMG areas”. Consequently, the total number of WMGs increased from 7 (at FS stage) to 9. Elections were held and all the WMGs have been formed.
Participatory mechanisms will be adopted for developing and reaching consensus on “WMG-wise water and land use plans”, mainly for crops, fishery and other IGAs. Facilitators guided by ISPMCs and PMO staff will assist WMGs to implement these Plans. Sub-committees are established “focussed attention” on specific tasks of WMO. There will be O&M Agreements between WMA and BWDB.
ISPMCs and PMO will conduct Quarterly “Participatory Performance Assessment and Target Setting” (PPATS) sessions with Facilitators and WMO Monitors to assess their performance as well as the success of WMO development activities. PPATS would be introduced to WMOs as one of “exit strategies” and for ensuring sustainability of WMOs. Strengthened WMOs would effectively undertake their primary functions like Operation and Maintenance (O&M) of infrastructure, providing production and related services in agriculture and fishery, livestock as well as other livelihood activities.
Lastly, a monitoring plan is given in order to monitor the progress of WMO formation and development, as well as the outcome (results) of the Sub-unit Implementation Plan.
Proposed civil work under the SIP described below-
1. Re-excavation of Kalidaskhali khal = 5.100 Km
2. Re-excavation of Kalidaskhali Branch-1 = 1.250 Km
3. Re-excavation of Kalidaskhali Branch-2 = 1.790 Km
4. Re-excavation of Kathalbaria Khal = 2.750
5. Re-excavation of Kathalbaria Br Khal = 1.150 Km
6. Re-excavation of Hajarkhali Khal = 0.700 Km
7. Re-sectioning of Embankment = 11.000 Km
8. Repair of Kathalbaria regulator (2-Vent)
9. Repair of Boyra regulator (3-Vents)
10.Construction of Boyra regulator ( 3-Vents) proposed
11.Repair of Kalidaskhali Ck Str (8-Vents)
12.Repair of Remodelling Box Culverts 1 no