This Subunit Implementation Plan (SIP) elaborates the Feasibility Study that was done in 2013 at the level of (hydrological) subunit. It assesses the development options with regard to Water infrastructure, Operation & Maintenance, Agriculture, Fisheries, and Income generation and gender. It also considers safeguards in respect of indigenous people, the poor and vulnerable, and environment.
The subunit area is located in the SW part of Faridpur District. Administratively the sub-unit is part of the Faridpur Sadar Upazila, Nagarkanda and Saltha Upazilas. The Sub-unit area covers 4 unions namely Kaijuri, Gerda, Gatti, Talma and the Faridpur Sadar Pourasava. It comprises 5,518 hectare, 25 WMGs with 53 villages. There are 13,755 households with a population of 61,900.
The water infrastructure will benefit from a major overhaul: rehabilitation of two structures and re-excavation of khals over a total length of 12 km will reduce flooding and drainage congestion and thus benefit agricultural production. The cost of rehabilitation is estimated at some Tk. 328 lac.
Operation and Maintenance
The Water Management Association of the subunit will sign an Agreement with the XEN-BWDB about sharing O&M responsibilities. Operation of the infrastructure will be decided by the Water Management Association at subunit level.
A Maintenance Plan for the subunit-I has been formulated where responsibilities have been delineated and costs for maintenance worked out. The total cost of preventive and periodic maintenance for subunit-I has been estimated as Tk. 27 lac per annum of which WMA share would be Tk. 7 lac with BWDB bearing Tk. 20 lac. The WMA/ WMG share comes to Tk.55/ ha/ year. The cost of WMO training has been estimated at about Tk. 24 lac.
The gross area of the Hawkhali Subunit (subunit area-1) is 4,979 ha. and net cultivable area is 4,083 ha. Present cropped area is 10,140 ha. with a Cropping Intensity of 258%. The future total cropped area has been estimated at 11,117 ha. with a Cropping Intensity of 272%. The production of cereal crops will be increased by 10,035 metric tons (51%) and other crops by 2,408 metric tons (16%) with overall increase in production by 12,443 (36%) after rehabilitation of the subunit area. Rice production has been estimated to be increased from 17,096 to 26,594 MT per year with an additional increment of 9,498 MT representing an estimated added value of Tk 2137 lac. Average yield of rice has been estimated to be increased from 3.45 ton per ha. to 4.53 ton per ha.
To improve the existing agricultural conditions and to transfer the modern technology to the farmers’ level Training, Demonstration, Farmers’ Field School (FFS), Workshop, Fair and Motivational Tour have been planned for implementation by the project. The costs of agricultural development (enhancement) activities of the SIP have been estimated at Tk. 53 lacs for the entire project period.
There are about 447.88 ha of fisheries resource in the sub unit area among them 378.88 ha in culture fisheries and rest of 69 ha in capture fisheries, and estimated total production is 986 MT / year. Culture fish production can be increased from 973 MT to 1,405 i.e by 432 MT but capture fish production will be increased from 13 MT to 25 MT i.e by 12 MT, after rehabilitation of this sub unit area and total annual incremental benefit would be Tk. 368 lac.
Financing of the fisheries activities would require both beneficiary and project contributions. Beneficiaries will be responsible for all direct inputs cost required for fisheries production, both culture and capture because they will manage the activities through CAPs. The project will bear the cost of demonstration, basic training, refreshment training and motivational tour. The training cost (excluding preparation of modules) amount to some TK.61.40 lac.
Socio-economy and Gender
According to the household survey, the household of the Sub-unit area (SIP-1) is 13,557 and population is 57667. The average household size is 4.19. Out of total population, male is (53%) and female (47%), who are living in 50 villages within the subunit-I area. The average literacy rate of population 5 years and above is 73.76% and illiterate is 26.30%, which is higher than the national average 56.8.5% Source: BBS 2014). Among the total literate population, the male literate is 39.66% and female literate rate is 34.03%. Out of total illiterate 16.67% can sign.
Farming is the main occupation of all categories of farmers 34.35%, followed by business 23.31%, service 20.96%. The majority of the households 46.09% earn monthly below Tk.13,000, they all are living in extreme poverty level. The percentage of landless farmers is the highest (43.33%) followed by marginal farmers (23.61). The survey data shows that out of total households, 6% households are female headed, who are widow, separated, live with disable husband and survive with their own income. It is expected that finally selected beneficiaries by the project could be minimum 33% including landless and marginal farmers’ households. A number of Income generating Activities have been elaborated that will improve the socio-economic condition of the destitute and female headed households among other by job creation under LCS. The cost of the training program for Income Generation Activities and Gender is estimated at about Tk 53,10,000. (Fifty three lacs and ten thousands only).
WMO formation and development
WMO formation process commenced with mobilizing Facilitators and awareness creation. Union-level consultations were conducted and consent for rehabilitation work has been obtained from the communities. The population has increased significantly since the time of the Feasibility Study (FS), the project “re-demarcated WMG areas”. Consequently, the total number of WMGs increased from 11 (at FS stage) to 25. Elections were held and all the WMGs have been formed.
Participatory mechanisms will be adopted for developing and reaching consensus on “WMG-wise water and land use plans”, mainly for crops, fishery and other IGAs. Facilitators guided by ISPMCs and PMO staff will assist WMGs to implement these Plans. Sub-committees are established “focussed attention” on specific tasks of WMO. There will be O&M Agreements between WMA and BWDB.
ISPMCs and PMO will conduct Quarterly “Participatory Performance Assessment and Target Setting” (PPATS) sessions with Facilitators and WMO Monitors to assess their performance as well as the success of WMO development activities. PPATS would be introduced to WMOs as one of “exit strategies” and for ensuring sustainability of WMOs. Strengthened WMOs would effectively undertake their primary functions like Operation and Maintenance (O&M) of infrastructure, providing production and related services in agriculture and fishery, livestock as well as other livelihood activities.
Lastly, a monitoring plan is given in order to monitor the progress of WMO formation and development, as well as the outcome (results) of the Subunit Implementation Plan.
Proposed civil work under the SIP described below-
1. Re-excavation of Beel Nalia Khal-1 = 2.080 Km
2. Re-excavation of Beel Nalia Khal-2 = 6.500 Km
3. Re-excavation of Howaikhali / Taltala Khal = 5.575 Km
4. Re-excavation of Tulagram Khal = 2.475 Km
5. Re-excavation of Tulagram Khal - 2 = 1.050 Km
6. Re-sectioning of Embankment = 12.420 Km
7. Repair of Mridadangi regulator( 3-Vents)
8. Repair of Beel Nalia regulator(2-Vents)
9. Repair of Beel Nalia regulator (1-Vent)