This Subunit Implementation Plan (SIP) elaborates the Feasibility Study that was done in 2013 at the level of (hydrological) subunit. It assesses the development options with regard to Water infrastructure, Operation & Maintenance, Agriculture, Fisheries, and Income generation and gender. It also considers safeguards in respect of indigenous people, the poor and vulnerable, and environment.
The subunit area is located in the SW part of Faridpur District and is spread over Alfadanga Upazila. Administratively the area is covered by 4 unions namely Pachuria, Bana, Buraich and Alfadaga Pourosava within Alfadanga Upazila. It comprises 2,804 hectare, 13 WMGs with 34 villages. There are 7,391 households with a population of 31,781.
The water infrastructure will benefit from a major overhaul: rehabilitation of six structures and re-excavation of khals over a total length of 17 km will reduce flooding and drainage congestion and thus benefit agricultural production. The cost of rehabilitation is estimated at some Tk.390 lac.
Operation and Maintenance
The Water Management Association of the subunit will sign an Agreement with the XEN-BWDB about sharing O&M responsibilities. Operation of the infrastructure will be decided by the Water Management Association at subunit level.
A Maintenance Plan for the subunit-II has been formulated where responsibilities have been delineated and costs for maintenance worked out. The total cost of preventive and periodic maintenance for subunit-II has been estimated as Tk. 73 lac per annum of which WMA share would be Tk. 16 lac with BWDB bearing Tk. 57 lac. The WMA/ WMG share comes to Tk.278/ ha/ year. The cost of WMO training has been estimated at about Tk. 12 lac.
The gross area of the Hidadangi Sub-unit (SIP-2) is 2837 ha. and net cultivable area is 2,354 ha.. Present cropped area is 5,056 ha. with a Cropping Intensity of 215%. The future total cropped area has been estimated at 5,642 ha. with a Cropping Intensity of 240%. Production of cereal crops will be increased by 7,867 metric tons (71%) and other crops by 1,575 metric tons (35%) with overall increase in production by 9,443 metric tons (61%) after rehabilitation of the Sub-project. Rice production has been estimated to be increased from 10,634 to 18,192 MT per year with an additional increment of 7,558 MT representing an estimated added value of Tk 1700 lac. Average yield of rice has been estimated to be increased from 3.16 ton per ha. to 4.88 ton per ha.
To improve the existing agricultural conditions and to transfer the modern technology to the farmers’ level Training, Demonstration, Farmers’ Field School (FFS), Workshop, Fair and Motivational Tour have been planned for implementation by the project. The cost of agricultural development (enhancement) activities of the SIP has been estimated at Tk. 26.69 lacs for the entire project period.
There are about 162.45 ha of fisheries resource in the sub unit area among them 108.65 ha in culture fisheries and rest of 53.80 ha in capture fisheries, and estimated total production is 207.43 MT / year. Culture fish production can be increased from 197.80 MT to 370.74 i.e by 172.94 MT and capture fish production will be increased from 9.64 MT to 24.44 MT i.e by 14.80 MT, after rehabilitation of this sub unit area and total annual incremental benefit would be Tk. 144.86 lac.
Financing of the fisheries activities would require both beneficiary and project contributions. Beneficiaries will be responsible for all direct inputs cost required for fisheries production, both culture and capture because they will manage the activities through CAPs. The project will bear the cost of demonstration, basic training, refreshment training and motivational tour. The training cost (excluding preparation of modules) amount to some TK.36.45 lac.
Socio-economy and Gender
The SIP-II area comprises 34 villages and 4 Unions partly or fully, under Alfadanga Upazila of Faridpur district. The total number of households of the surveyed area of SIP-II is 7391 and population is 31781. The sex ratio is 52.65% male against 47.53% female. The average household size of the surveyed households is 4.3. The population who are in between 18-60 years considered as working age group or productive population. The working age group of the surveyed population is about 57.58%.The non-productive population involves those who are able to work but enjoy social benefit at the cost of productive people. Generally children younger than 17 and adults older than 61 are considered non-productive people 21.99%.The percentage of landless farmers is the highest (43.33%) followed by marginal farmers (23.61%). The average literacy rate of population 5 years and above in the SIP-II area is 74.82% and illiterate is (26.30%), which is higher than the national average (56.8.5%) Source: BBS 2014). Among the total literate population, the male literate is (53.87%) and female literate rate is (46.12%). Out of total illiterate (13.67%) can sign. The illiterate rate between men is higher (51.76%) than that of men (48.23%). In SIP-II, Alfadanga-Boalmari sub-project the percentage of female headed and male headed household is (4.95%) and (95.05%) respectively. Total Tk.29.26 lac has been proposed for the improvement of the destitute and female headed households for SIP-II of Alfadanga-Boalmari subproject.
WMO formation and development
WMO formation process commenced with mobilizing Facilitators and awareness creation. Union-level consultations were conducted and consent for rehabilitation work has been obtained from the communities. Tthe population has increased significantly since the Feasibility Study (FS) time, hence the project “re-demarcated WMG areas”. Consequently, the total number of WMGs increased from 6 (at FS stage) to 12. Elections were held and all the WMGs have been formed.
Participatory mechanisms will be adopted for developing and reaching consensus on “WMG-wise water and land use plans”, mainly for crops, fishery and other IGAs. Facilitators guided by ISPMCs and PMO staff will assist WMGs to implement these Plans. Sub-committees are established “focussed attention” on specific tasks of WMO. There will be O&M Agreements between WMA and BWDB.
ISPMCs and PMO will conduct Quarterly “Participatory Performance Assessment and Target Setting” (PPATS) sessions with Facilitators and WMO Monitors to assess their performance as well as the success of WMO development activities. PPATS would be introduced to WMOs as one of “exit strategies” and for ensuring sustainability of WMOs. Strengthened WMOs would effectively undertake their primary functions like Operation and Maintenance (O&M) of infrastructure, providing production and related services in agriculture and fishery, livestock as well as other livelihood activities.
Lastly, a monitoring plan is given in order to monitor the progress of WMO formation and development, as well as the outcome (results) of the Subunit Implementation Plan.
Proposed civil work under the SIP described below-
1. Re-excavation of Hadiadanga khal = 6.010 Km
2. Re-excavation of Hadiadanga khal-01 = 2.735 Km
3. Re-excavation of Hadiadanga khal -02 = 3.500 Km
4. Re-excavation of Burir khal = 2.600 Km
5. Re-excavation of Helencha khal = 0.650 Km
6. Repair of Hidadangi regulator (6 Vents)
7. Repair of Helencha regulator (1 Vent )
8. Repair of Shirgram pipe sluice (900 mm)