This Sub-unit Implementation Plan (SIP) elaborates on the Feasibility Study that was done in 2013 at the level of (hydro-logical) sub-unit. It assesses the development options with regard to Water infrastructure, Operation & Maintenance, Agriculture, Fisheries, and Income generation, and gender. It also considers safeguards in respect of indigenous people, the poor and vulnerable, and the environment.
The sub-unit area is located in the SE part of the Faridpur District and is spread over part of Sadorpur and Bhanga Upazilas. Administratively the area is covered by 4 unions namely Kawlibera, Nasirabad, Chandra, and Gharua. It comprises 1,878 hectares with 25 villages. There are 4,763 households with a population of 19,838.
The water infrastructure will benefit from a major overhaul: new construction of one bridge, two check structures, and one WMO building, along with a re-excavation of khals over a total length of 19.69 km will reduce flooding and drainage congestion and thus benefit agricultural production. The cost of rehabilitation is estimated at some Tk. 976 lac.
Operation and Maintenance
The Water Management Association of the sub-unit will sign an Agreement with the XEN-BWDB about sharing O&M responsibilities. The operation of the infrastructure will be decided by the Water Management Association at the sub-unit level.
A Maintenance Plan for the sub-unit-3 has been formulated where responsibilities have been delineated and costs for maintenance worked out. The total cost of preventive and periodic maintenance for sub-unit-3 has been estimated as Tk. 41 lac per annum of which WMA share would be Tk. 15 lac with BWDB bearing Tk. 26 lac. The WMA / WMG share comes to Tk.409/ ha/ year. The cost of WMO training has been estimated at about Tk. 12 lac.
The gross area of the Baliahati sub-unit (sub-unit area-3) is 1,878 ha. and the net cultivable area is 1,480 ha. The present cropped area is 2,981 ha. with a Cropping Intensity of 201%. The future total cropped area has been estimated at 3,388 ha. with a Cropping Intensity of 229%.The production of cereal crops will be increased by 3,180 metric tons (71%) and other crops by 617 metric tons (10%) with an overall increase in production by 3,797 MT (36%) after the rehabilitation of the sub-unit area. Rice production has been estimated to be increased from 3,925 to 6,448 MT per year with an additional increment of 2,522 MT representing an estimated added value of Tk 567 lac. The average yield of rice has been estimated to be increased from 2.79 tons per ha. to 3.80 tons per ha.
To improve the existing agricultural conditions and to transfer the modern technology to the farmers’ level Training, Demonstration, Farmers’ Field School (FFS), Workshop, Fair, and Motivational Tour have been planned for implementation by the project. The cost of agricultural development (enhancement) activities of the SIP has been estimated at Tk. 19.33 lacs for the entire project period.
There are about 498 ha of fisheries resource in the sub unit area among them 62 ha in culture fisheries and rest of 437 ha in capture fisheries, and the estimated total production is 179 MT/year (Table-1, Annex - 4).
Culture fish production can be increased from 121 MT to 215 MT i.e. by 94 MT but capture fish production will be decreased from 59 MT to 60 MT i.e. by 1 MT, after rehabilitation of this sub unit area, and the total annual incremental benefit would be Tk. 74 lac.
Financing of the fisheries activities would require both beneficiary and project contributions. Beneficiaries will be responsible for all direct inputs cost required for fisheries production, both culture and capture because they will manage the activities through CAPs. The project will bear the cost of demonstration, basic training, refreshment training, and motivational tour. The training cost (excluding the preparation of modules) amount to some TK. 34 lac.
Socio-economy and Gender
The total number of households of the surveyed area of SIP-3 is 4,763 and the population is 19,838. The sex ratio is defined as the number of males per 100 females. In SIP-3, Chatler-Fakurhat it is 53.45% male against 46.55% female. The average household size of the surveyed households is 4.2. The population who are between 18-60 years considered as working age group or productive population. The data shows that the working age group of the surveyed population is about 60%. Farming is the main occupation of all categories of farmers 30.54%, followed by business 26.16%, service 23.03%.The other occupation is 15.30%, which includes; daily wage laborers, fishermen, hawkers, traders. The wage laborers are mostly found in landless, marginal, and small farm families. Fish farming, trading, and business as a family occupation is found in all levels of farmers. The female headed household size is 5.2%. The survey data shows that out of total households, 5.4% of households are female headed, who is widows, separated, live with a disabled husband and survive with their own income. A number of Income generating Activities have been elaborated that will improve the socio-economic condition of the destitute and female headed households among others by job creation under LCS. The cost of the training program for Income Generation Activities and Gender is estimated at about Tk.8.0 lacs.
WMO formation and development:
WMO formation process commenced with mobilizing Facilitators and awareness creation. Union-level consultations were conducted and consent for rehabilitation work has been obtained from the communities. The population has increased significantly since the time of the Feasibility Study (FS), hence the project “re-demarcated the WMG areas”. Consequently, the total number of WMGs increased from 2 (at FS stage) to 10. Elections were held and all the WMGs have been formed.
Participatory mechanisms will be adopted for developing and reaching consensus on “WMG-wise water and land use plans”, mainly for crops, fishery, and other IGAs. Facilitators guided by ISPMCs and PMO staff will assist WMGs to implement these Plans. Sub-committees are established “focussed attention” on specific tasks of WMO. There will be O&M Agreements between WMA and BWDB.
ISPMCs and PMO will conduct Quarterly “Participatory Performance Assessment and Target Setting” (PPATS) sessions with Facilitators and WMO Monitors to assess their performance as well as the success of WMO development activities. PPATS would be introduced to WMOs as one of “exit strategies” and for ensuring sustainability of WMOs. Strengthened WMOs would effectively undertake their primary functions like Operation and Maintenance (O&M) of infrastructure, providing production and related services in agriculture and fishery, livestock as well as other livelihood activities.
Lastly, a monitoring plan is given in order to monitor the progress of WMO formation and development, as well as the outcome (results) of the Sub-unit Implementation Plan.
Proposed civil work under the SIP described below-
1. Re-excavation of Baliahati khal = 16.90 km
2. Re-excavation of Khatra khal = 2.79 km
3. New Bridge 1 nos.
4. New Check Structure 2 nos.
5. New WMO Office Building 1 nos.