This Subunit Implementation Plan (SIP) elaborates on the Feasibility Study that was done in 2013 at the level of the (hydrological) subunit. It assesses the development options with regard to Water infrastructure, Operation & Maintenance, Agriculture, Fisheries, and Income generation, and gender. It also considers safeguards in respect of indigenous people, the poor and vulnerable, and the environment.
The subunit area is located in the SE part of the Faridpur District district and is spread over Bhanga Upazila and part of Sadarpur Upazila. Administratively the Sub-unit area is covered by 5 unions namely Manikdha, Nurullahganj, Tujarpur, Hamirdi and Kawlibera. It comprises 5,127 hectares with 35 villages. There are 11,137 households with a population of 46,570.
The water infrastructure will benefit from a major overhaul: re-excavation of khals over a total length of 32 km will reduce flooding and drainage congestion and thus benefit agricultural production. The cost of rehabilitation is estimated at some Tk. 1500 lac.
Operation and Maintenance
The Water Management Association of the subunit will sign an Agreement with the XEN-BWDB about sharing O&M responsibilities. The operation of the infrastructure will be decided by the Water Management Association at the subunit level.
A Maintenance Plan for the subunit-1 has been formulated where responsibilities have been delineated and costs for maintenance worked out. The total cost of preventive and periodic maintenance for subunit-1 has been estimated as Tk. 64 lac per annum of which WMA share would be Tk. 23 lac with BWDB bearing Tk. 41 lac. The WMA / WMG share comes to Tk.236/ ha/ year. The cost of WMO training has been estimated at about Tk. 16 lac.
The gross area of the Hashemdia subunit (subunit area-1) is 5,127 ha. and the net cultivable area is 4,040 ha. The present cropped area is 8,147 ha. with a Cropping Intensity of 202%. The future total cropped area has been estimated at 9,415 ha. with a Cropping Intensity of 233%.
The production of cereal crops will be increased by 8,339 metric tons (66%) and other crops by 2,776 metric tons (18%) with an overall increase in production by 11,115 MT (40%) after rehabilitation of the subunit area. Rice production has been estimated to be increased from 9,995 to 17,276 MT per year with an additional increment of 7,281 MT representing an estimated added value of Tk 1638 lac. The average yield of rice has been estimated to be increased from 3 ton per ha. to 4 ton per ha.
To improve the existing agricultural conditions and to transfer the modern technology to the farmers’ level Training, Demonstration, Farmers’ Field School (FFS), Workshop, Fair, and Motivational Tour have been planned for implementation by the project. The costs of agricultural development (enhancement) activities of the SIP have been estimated at Tk. 48 lacs for the entire project period.
There is about 1491.82 ha of fisheries resource in the subunit area among them 74 ha in culture fisheries and rest of 1418 ha in capture fisheries, and estimated total production is 337 MT/year. Culture fish production can be increased from 142 MT to 278 i.e by 136 MT but capture fish production will be increased from 195 MT to 223 MT i.e by 28 MT after rehabilitation of this subunit area and the total annual incremental benefit would be Tk. 169 lac
Financing of the fisheries activities would require both beneficiary and project contributions. Beneficiaries will be responsible for all direct inputs cost required for fisheries production, both culture and capture because they will manage the activities through CAPs. The project will bear the cost of demonstration, basic training, refreshment training, and motivational tour. The training cost(excluding the preparation of modules) amount to some TK. 47 lac.
Socio-economy and Gender
Household survey data shows that the total household of the subunit area is 11,137 and the population 46,570. The average household size is 4.1. Out of the total population, about 40%-45% of households live below the poverty level. Out of the total population, the male is (53%) and female (47%), who are living in 35 villages within the subunit-1 area. The average literacy rate of the population 5 years and above in the SIP-I area is 63% and illiterate is 37%, which is higher than the national average 57%. Among the total literate population, the male literate is 54% and the female literacy rate is 46%. Out of total illiterate, 24% can sign. The survey data shows that out of total households, 5 households are female-headed, who is widow, separated, live with a disabled husband,s and survive with their own income. A number of Income Generating Activities have been elaborated that will improve the socio-economic condition of the destitute and female-headed households among others by job creation under LCS. The cost of the training program for Income Generation Activities and Gender is estimated at about Tk. 201000. Lastly, a monitoring plan is given in order to monitor the progress of WMO formation and development, as well as the outcome (results) of the Subunit Implementation Plan.
WMO formation and development:
WMO formation process commenced with mobilizing Facilitators and awareness creation. Union-level consultations were conducted and consent for rehabilitation work has been obtained from the communities. The population has increased significantly since the Feasibility Study (FS) time, hence the project “re-demarcated WMG areas”. Consequently, the total number of WMG's increased from 4 (at FS stage) to 16. Elections were held and all the WMG's have been formed.
Participatory mechanisms will be adopted for developing and reaching consensus on “WMG-wise water and land use plans”, mainly for crops, fishery, and other IGAs. Facilitators guided by ISPMCs and PMO staff will assist WMGs to implement these Plans. Sub-committees are established “focussed attention” on specific tasks of WMO. There will be O&M Agreements between WMA and BWDB.
ISPMCs and PMO will conduct Quarterly “Participatory Performance Assessment and Target Setting” (PPATS) sessions with Facilitators and WMO Monitors to assess their performance as well as the success of WMO development activities. PPATS would be introduced to WMOs as one of “exit strategies” and for ensuring the sustainability of GMOs. Strengthened WMOs would effectively undertake their primary functions like Operation and Maintenance (O&M) of infrastructure, providing production and related services in agriculture and fishery, livestock as well as other livelihood activities.
Lastly, a monitoring plan is given in order to monitor the progress of WMO formation and development, as well as the outcome (results) of the Subunit Implementation Plan.
Proposed civil work under the SIP described below-
1. Re-excavation of Fukur Hat Khal = 12.20 Km
2. Re-excavation of Hasemdia Khal = 4.38 Km
3. Re-excavation of Jalukhali Khal = 4.64 Km
4. Re-excavation of Charakhali Khal = 1.04 Km
5. Re-excavation of Hamidi Khal= 1.62 Km
6. Re-excavation of Ajgor Munsir Khal = 0.72 Km
7. Re-excavation of Rajkanda Khal= 2.15 Km
8. Re-excavation of Langolkhali Khal = 0.72 Km
9. Re-excavation of Dosh Hazar Khal = 4.43 Km
10. Re-excavation of Baniabari Khal = 1.29 Km
11. New Bridge 3 nos.
12. New CheckStructure 2 nos.
13. New WMO OfficeBuilding 1 no.